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Chemicals Used in Plastic Materials: An Estimate of the Attributable Disease Burden and Costs in the United States

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Plastics’ hormone-disrupting chemicals contribute substantially to disease and associated social costs in the United States, accounting for $250 billion in 2018 alone, or 1.22% of the gross domestic product. The costs of plastic pollution will continue to accumulate as long as exposures continue at current levels. Researchers stress that actions through the Global Plastics Treaty and other policy initiatives will reduce these costs in proportion to the actual reductions in chemical exposures achieved.

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