Hotlane Beach Cleanup

November 4, 2023 , 9:00 am 11:00 am SAST

Join us for our beach cleanup opposite Hard Rock Cafe in Camps Bay, Cape Town, South Africa. Hotland Org says, “Let’s do more to heal than to harm, to educate than to destroy.”

(258-618 NPO)

Details

Date:
November 4, 2023
Time:
9:00 am – 11:00 am SAST
Cost:
Free
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By Anne Larracas

Fifteen years ago in the Philippines, trying to use your own reusable bags in any major supermarket would have entailed an argument with management and with security personnel. Zero Waste advocates like myself who insisted on using our own bags were branded as security threats, shoplifters, or weirdos. Fellow customers would rail at us for holding up the line and for wasting their time if we refused plastic bags at the checkout counter, and staff would be confused why we refused something that was free. I won those arguments most times; on days I didn’t, I simply walked away, buying nothing.

Fast forward 15 years: it’s not only acceptable to use your own bags in any store in the country, but there are also laws in many cities prohibiting plastic bags and encouraging people to bring reusable bags. There is widespread public acceptance now of the idea that plastic bag use must be reduced. As someone who has been involved in the tough fight to get to this point, I know that this is a result of more than a decade of numerous protests and creative actions, countless hours of lobbying at the local and national levels to support progressive plastic policies, and a relentless public awareness campaign to bring Zero Waste messages to the public.

I know for a fact that this public acceptance is spreading, and that every year more and more cities are committing to reduce the plastic menace. The very first national plastic bag ban was in fact passed in 2002 by an Asian country, Bangladesh. I also know for a fact that these successes are the result of campaigns that were waged by communities and groups, many of which are GAIA members, who have limited resources to fight head-to-head with the influential and powerful plastic industries in their countries but did anyway, and won significant battles.  

People living in the United States of America throw away 10 times more garbage than people living in the countryside of the Philippines, and 4 times more waste than people living in our cities.

I also know for a fact that people living in the United States of America throw away 10 times more garbage than people living in the countryside of the Philippines, and 4 times more waste than people living in our cities. Data from Plastics Europe, an industry association, shows that European and North American countries use 5 times more plastics per person than people in Asia.  So I ask whose models we should follow, and whose voices should lead.

Organizing to reduce plastics had to start somewhere, so we started with the plastic bag, reasoning that as environmental awareness grew, it would be easier for the public and for governments to reduce reliance on other disposable and single-use plastics.  Inspiring progress has been made: numerous plastic bag policies passed in many cities in India, Indonesia, South Korea, the Philippines, China, and Bangladesh to name a few; Taiwan’s new goal to ban microbeads by 2020, a campaign led by the Taiwan Watch Institute; and South Korea’s long-standing policy for reusable (non-disposable) utensils in fast food restaurants, due to the Korea Zero Waste Movement Network.

Imagine my puzzlement and frustration then when I failed to see any of these stories mentioned in the film, ‘A Plastic Ocean.’ Instead, what was captured were stereotypes often repeated elsewhere – that the global south is the source of problems and seemingly incapable of providing solutions, that it is a polluted and hopeless place, its peoples helpless and clueless, that we are endlessly waiting for salvation from the north.  This is painful and upsetting, knowing the hardships of Zero Waste leaders in the region to promote environmental justice.  A striking example is Dr. Shahriar Hossain from Bangladesh who received threats to his life and lived in exile from his beloved country for several years because he dared to lead the national campaign to ban plastic bags.

What many in developed countries fail to understand is that, no, the south is not just a grim and hopeless place that is full of garbage and filth.

What many in developed countries fail to understand is that, no, the south is not just a grim and hopeless place that is full of garbage and filth. It is true, a lot of the communities and organizations in the global south have very little resources, but what we lack in material wealth, we make up for in creativity and determination. We understand our problems completely and what needs to be done. We don’t need to be told—we know the true cost of pollution. After all, a huge percentage of the population in the south rely directly on natural resources—our oceans and rivers and forests—to live. It is imperative that we stop the onslaught of pollution into our lives, but we do not want to rely on false solutions, on machines and technologies such as incinerators that claim to magically make our waste disappear overnight but leave a toxic legacy of ash and air pollution for future generations.  

We also often have to contend with powerful industries colluding with those in government that threaten to knock us down at every turn, but we persist anyway.  And more often than not, the visible waste we are struggling to address and find solutions for are products and packaging designed for advertising and maximum brand recall but cannot be recovered or recycled at all, such as multi-layer packaging and sachets.  Multinational corporations — mostly based in the United States and Europe — push products that come in these packages and claim that they are “pro poor,” but in reality the economic and environmental costs of their actions are much higher and are borne by communities and local governments.  These corporations wouldn’t dream of selling so many products in packaging like this in developed countries, a clear case of double standards.

Multinational corporations — mostly based in the United States and Europe — push products that come in these packages and claim that they are “pro poor,” but in reality the economic and environmental costs of their actions are much higher and are borne by communities and local governments.

It is deeply unfortunate that this film and so many other mass media stories from the U.S. and Europe fail to see and show the organizing leadership of Zero Waste and environmental justice advocates in the global south and our work to create a better environment for our children, and instead only focus on what is wrong.   

In my personal experience as a waste activist, I’ve seen that many of the most lasting solutions are those that engage the community.  It is when you take the time to think things through, adapt, involve as many stakeholders as possible, and learn, that you create solutions that will take root.

After being the first (and still only!) country to protect clean air by banning incineration seventeen years ago, Filipino cities have shown that Zero Waste strategies can work and make changes fast. They employ and empower waste workers. They engage residents through door-to-door trainings and collection. They change the face of waste through community gardens and compost centers. And — last but not least — they dramatically reduce pollution into our air, waterways, and climate.

Across the Asia Pacific region, zero waste advocates are working for policies that will turn off the unending flow of plastics and waste that cannot be recycled, compel and work with manufacturers and producers to redesign their products so that these do not become waste, convince the public to reduce their addiction to disposable products, and support the development and creation of industries that will make products that can be safely returned to production or to the earth.  All this, while working to ensure that those relying on discards and resource recovery, those working in the informal waste sector, are not displaced and are fully involved in the solutions that must be implemented.

This is the work that needs support — not expensive and failure-ridden techno-fixes that haven’t worked in the global north and only threaten to create more pollution and threats to human health and livelihoods in the south. I’m happy to be part of the #BreakFreeFromPlastic movement, and invite you to join us and lend your support to real solutions.

See also: Why Incineration Won’t Solve #APlasticOcean–And the Beautiful Solutions We Do Have and Gasification, Pyrolysis, Plasma Arc: False Solutions to Plastic Pollution.

Anne Larracas, on behalf of GAIA‘s international coordination team.

Plastic Pollution Coalition Hosts Q&A and LA Premiere for ‘A Plastic Ocean’ Film

On Jan. 17, Plastic Pollution Coalition hosted a Q&A and the Los Angeles premiere of the adventure documentary film ‘A Plastic Ocean.’ Panelists included: Anushka Bhasker of Algalita Marine Research and Education; Katie Allen, executive director of Algalita; Marcus Eriksen, co-founder and research director of 5 Gyres; Christie Keith, international coordinator of GAIA; Benjamin Kay, a marine scientist, teacher, and coach representing Team Marine; Jordan Howard, a social good strategist; and actor and activist Ed Begley, Jr. The panel discussion was moderated by Jane Patton, managing director of Plastic Pollution Coalition, and focused on solutions to the plastic pollution crisis.

More than 300 people, including many students from local high schools and colleges, attended the screening and discussion. 

Watch the full Q&A here via Facebook live.

“It was very moving and tragic when they pulled plastic out of the birds,” said Ed Begley, Jr. of his reaction to the film. Panelists also spoke to the issue of developing countries living with trash created by the U.S.

“As an American, we know we are the polluters,” said Howard in response to the documentary. “It’s always eye-opening to see the back yards of poor and impoverished communities, to see how they have to grapple with our habits and our plastic.”

It’s always eye-opening to see the back yards of poor and impoverished communities, to see how they have to grapple with our habits and our plastic.

Jordan Howard

Keith added that while she found the film very powerful in its footage, she took issue with some of the solutions presented. “I have a concern that many of the solutions that are being implemented in the global south are not featured in the film,” she said. Keith added that the process of incinerating plastic, a solution presented in the film, releases harmful chemicals into the air and cannot be the ultimate fix to the ever-increasing plastic pollution problem. 

Panelists from left: Ed Begley, Jr., Jordan Howard, Benjamin Kay, Christie Keith, Marcus Eriksen, Katie Allen, and Anushka Bhasker. 

Bhasker, a 15-year-old student, shared her perspective on the “culture of conservation” she experienced growing up in India and how we all should rethink what it means to throw garbage “away.”

Panelists also spoke about holding manufacturers accountable for the plastic products and packages they produce and changing consumer behavior.

“We have to be careful about these quick-fix solutions [to plastic pollution] that we hear about because it makes consumers say ‘we’re solving that problem so I can continue my everyday behavior,’ said Kay.

Panelists also gave tips for simple actions everyone in the audience and at home could take to reduce plastic pollution such as refusing plastic straws and other disposables and choosing activism. 

Many of the speakers emphasized that the time is now to organize. “Martin Luther King, Jr. once said ‘those who love peace must learn how to organize as well as those who love war.’ In our case, those who love the environment must learn how to organize as well as those who love money,” said Allen of the critical need for people to come together. 

“This film reminds me of what’s at stake,” said Eriksen of the toxic impacts of plastic on our environment and the current political climate in the U.S. “It’s time to organize a grassroots movement!” 

Dianna Cohen, co-founder and CEO of PPC, said, “We are excited to be leading local conversations around ‘A Plastic Ocean;’ a stunning and moving film providing a launching point to address the extent of the worldwide plastic pollution problem; viable solutions which include source reduction, extended producer responsibility, packaging redesign, and progressive government policies; and the real need for inclusiveness in the global movement to break free from plastic.”

To find or host a screening of ‘A Plastic Ocean,’ visit this site. The film is also available for pre-order on itunes.  

Thank you to our sponsors: 5 Gyres, Algalita, Blue Mind Life, Lonely Whale Foundation, Heal The Bay, Team Marine, Environmental Media Awards, Qupe Wines, and Pullum Community Arts Center.

Join our global Coalition.